For women, only by men
Around 60km from downtown of capital Ha Noi, Trach Xa Village in Ung Hoa District has been known for making tradional long dress ao dai for centuries.
A strange feature of this fame, however, has been the fact that the iconic national dress for women was made exclusively by men.
To this day, 90 per cent of the local tailors are men, owing to a long-standing rule in the region: the job was taught only to men.
Explaining the special rule, Nguyen Van Nhien, 84, who has been an ao dai maker for 65 years, said that in the old days, local inhabitants had to go far away to work as dress makers to earn their living. Only men could travel thus. Women were not believed strong enough to travel so often and so far, so they stayed at home to do housework and farm work.
Locals also believed that the ao dai designed and tailored by men was more beautiful than those done by women!
However, the craft was first taught to the village’s inhabitants by a woman.
Nguyen Thi Sen, a concubine of King Dinh Tien Hoang (AD924 - 979) became the first dress maker in Trach Xa after learning the craft from the King’s Palace in the northern province of Ninh Binh. She also taught tailoring to imperial maids. After leaving the Palace with her children, she returned to her nativeland, Trach Xa, and taught the villagers how to sew. The reputation of the village travelled far.
A local man, Ta Van Khuat, had the honour of making a long dress for Queen Nam Phuong, queen of the last feudal dynasty in Viet Nam.
Today, villagers do not have to travel to different regions to look for clients. Women also help their husbands do the job. Many clients go to the village to look for talented artisans who can make them the most beautiful ao dai.
Many villagers have also opened tailoring shops in Ha Noi. However, they include “Trach” in the name of their shop, as tribute and advertisement for their native village’s craft.
The group with the fewest people in VN
The Si La ethnic group is among the smallest in number in Viet Nam. With a total population of fewer than 1,000, the Si La live mostly in Muong Te District in the northen province of Lai Chau and in Muong Nhe District in the neighbouring province of Dien Bien.
The Si La’s language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan language family. But the language is spoken less and less and there is no written language.
Si La people say that hundreds of years ago, before settling down in Viet Nam, their ancestors lived in Lhasa, the capital of today’s Tibet Autonomous Region of China. They then migrated to Laos before coming to Viet Nam. They still remember a saying about their origin: "born in Lhasa, set up village in Laos".
Men in the group used to dye their teeth red, while women dyed their teeth black, but that custom has died out. The costumes of Si La women are made with metal coins attached to the chest. Their headscarves indicate their ages and marital status. Si La people customarily marry twice. The second ceremony is held one year after the first.
The group is at risk due to inter-marriage. Their bodies have become smaller over the generations. Average men weigh 40-45kg and stands 1.45-1.60m tall.
To confron the risk of extinction, in 2005 the Government implemented a five-year project to support the development of five ethnic minority groups with the smallest populations in Viet Nam, including the Brau, Ro Mam, Pu Peo and Si La.
Lai Chau and Dien Bien provinces have upgraded local roads, provided clean water supply, opened schools, facilitated farming and health care, encourage traditional cutlure development like preserving language, costumes, musical instruments and belief of the Si La people.
The Si La’s lives have improved as a result, with roads linking their villages to larger population centres. All the houses have been roofed with sheet metal and the villages have been equipped with electricity to power lights, TVs and radios.
A unique place of worship in the north
The only mosque in northern Viet Nam, named Al-Noor Masjid (The Mosque of Light), is located at 12 Hang Luoc Street in capital Ha Noi’s Hoan Kiem District.
Over the past 100 years, the mosque has been the destination for Vietnamese and foreign Muslim worshippers. At the beginning of the 19th century, Indian businessmen came to Viet Nam on business, and some settled here. In 1885 they started to build the Al-Noor mosque, which is therefore deeply influenced by Indian architecture and culture.
The mosque was officially inaugirated in 1890.
The main gate of the mosque faces West, in the direction of Islam’s holiest site in Mecca. It covers 400 square metres, with the decorations reminiscent of other mosques in the world. Prayers are held five times a day.
The mosque’s Imam (who leads the prayers) is Mieu Abbas, who comes from the central province of Ninh Thuan. He is also the manager of the mosque.
Doan Hong Cuong, 60, the mosque’s caretaker, said he cleans and tidies it up every day to provide the Vietnamese Muslim community and foreigner visitors with a place to pray. “This 114 years-old mosque has witnessed the many ups and downs of Ha Noi,” he says.
Ca Mau: the only place you can get enjoy squid eggs
Every coastal locality in Viet Nam offers visitors many culinary gifts from the sea, but the southernmost province of Ca Mau has a monopoly on squid eggs.
Cha trung muc (fried patties made with squid eggs) has been a specialty of the province for a long time.
An old saying goes: Cau muc tuy cuc ma vui/ Khoai an trung muc, lui cui cau hoai. Roughly translated, it means: Catching squid is hard yet amusing/ Keen on squid eggs, then get hooked on catching squid.
The province’s fishermen search for squid at night. The catch is put in ice to keep it fresh. Next morning, ‘baskets’ of squid egg are taken out while squid flesh is dried in the sun.
A popular squid egg dish involves mixing it with duck eggs, minced pork and pig’s liver. The mixture is flattened out into small patties, which are sun dried and taken home.
Squid eggs are a ‘luxury’ because for every 10 to 12kg of fresh squid, you can only get 1kg of eggs.
The squid patties are deep fried or grilled. The creamy patty is perfectly paired with fresh herbs and rolled in banh trang (rice paper), and dipped in fish sauce seasoned with lime juice and hot pepper.
Diep Son – the only island with a sandy path in the ocean
Located in Van Phong Bay (60km from Nha Trang City in the central province of Khanh Hoa), Diep Son Island is an increasingly attractive destination for many visitors, drawn by its beaches and especially a beautiful “underwater sea path” connecting two islets.
Depending on the time of the visit, the path is either partially submerged in the crystal waters (in the morning during high tide) or completely dry and visible (in the afternoon during low tide).
The rustic island consists of three small separated islets and is home to about 100 households who use it as a base for fishing trips.
There are also many hidden coves and caves scattered across the island that are perfect for exploration by curious and determined visitors..